Low life expectancy , high levels of infant mortality, and poor health characterize life in these societies.
Collective poverty is usually related to economic underdevelopment. The total resources of many developing nations in Africa, Asia, and South and Central America would be insufficient to support the population adequately even if they were equally divided among all of the citizens. Proposed remedies are twofold: 1 expansion of the gross national product GNP through improved agriculture or industrialization, or both, and 2 population limitation.
Thus far, both population control and induced economic development in many countries have proved difficult, controversial, and at times inconclusive or disappointing in their results. An increase of the GNP does not necessarily lead to an improved standard of living for the population at large, for a number of reasons.
The most important reason is that, in many developing countries, the population grows even faster than the economy does, with no net reduction in poverty as a result. This increased population growth stems primarily from lowered infant mortality rates made possible by improved sanitary and disease-control measures. Unless such lowered rates eventually result in women bearing fewer children, the result is a sharp acceleration in population growth.
To reduce birth rates, some developing countries have undertaken nationally administered family-planning programs, with varying results. Many developing nations are also characterized by a long-standing system of unequal distribution of wealth —a system likely to continue despite marked increases in the GNP. Some authorities have observed the tendency for a large portion of any increase to be siphoned off by persons who are already wealthy, while others claim that increases in GNP will always trickle down to the part of the population living at the subsistence level.
In many industrialized, relatively affluent countries, particular demographic groups are vulnerable to long-term poverty. In city ghettos , in regions bypassed or abandoned by industry, and in areas where agriculture or industry is inefficient and cannot compete profitably, there are found victims of concentrated collective poverty.
These people, like those afflicted with generalized poverty, have higher mortality rates, poor health, low educational levels, and so forth when compared with the more affluent segments of society. Their chief economic traits are unemployment and underemployment, unskilled occupations, and job instability. Efforts at amelioration focus on ways to bring the deprived groups into the mainstream of economic life by attracting new industry, promoting small business, introducing improved agricultural methods, and raising the level of skills of the employable members of the society.
Similar to collective poverty in relative permanence but different from it in terms of distribution, case poverty refers to the inability of an individual or family to secure basic needs even in social surroundings of general prosperity.
Changing how individuals participate may affect outcomes for some. As odd as this may seem, however, this has relatively little to do with the larger question of why widespread poverty exists at all as a social phenomenon. Imagine for a moment that income is distributed according to the results of a footrace. All of the income in the United States for each year is put into a giant pool and we hold a race to determine who gets what.
The fastest fifth of the population gets 48 percent of the income to divide up, the next fastest fifth splits 23 percent, the next fastest fifth gets 15 percent, the next fifth 10 percent, and the slowest fifth divides 4 percent. The result would be an unequal distribution of income, with each person in the fastest fifth getting nine times as much money as each person in the slowest fifth, which is what the actual distribution of income in the United States looks like.
But to see why some fifth of the population must be poor no matter how fast people run, all we have to do is look at the system itself.
It uses unbridled competition to determine not only who gets fancy cars and nice houses, but who gets to eat or has a place to live or access to health care. It distributes income and wealth in ways that promote increasing concentrations among those who already have the most. But there has to be a bottom fifth so long as the system is organized as it is.
To do that, we have to change the system along with how people participate in it. There would still be inequality, but the fastest fifth would get only 1. People can argue about whether chronic widespread poverty is morally acceptable or what an acceptable level of inequality might look like.
But if we want to understand where poverty comes from, what makes it such a stubborn feature of social life, we have to begin with the simple sociological fact that patterns of inequality result as much from how social systems are organized as they do from how individuals participate in them.
But antipoverty programs are not organized around a sociological understanding of how systems produce poverty in the first place. As a result, they focus almost entirely on changing individuals and not systems, and use the resources of government and other systems to make it happen. The easiest way to see this is to look at the antipoverty programs themselves. They come in two main varieties.
The first holds individuals responsible by assuming that financial success is solely a matter of individual qualifications and behavior. The USDA estimated that This means that approximately Rates of food insecurity were substantially higher than the national average for households with incomes near or below the Federal poverty line.
Learn more about policies that help. In addition, every day, thousands of people—working with their neighbors and community—are finding ways out of Poverty USA by strengthening families, creating jobs, and improving neighborhoods. For nearly five decades, CCHD has supported nearly 12, community-based projects led by low-income people through our grant program.
Read some of their stories. Main navigation Encounter Learn Act. Who lives in Poverty USA? Poverty by Age. There's no surer ticket out of poverty than a solid education. From CNN. There are three things we should do right now to help reduce child poverty. There are lot of people out there looking for simple solutions to complicated problems like global poverty. Poverty is the biggest factor affecting access to quality day care. From Dallas Morning News.
It should be spent towards moving people from poverty to the middle class. There are 3. There are more people in poverty , one out of six people in poverty.
We can not have the government restricting the use of that to the point where it puts us in poverty. From The New Yorker. It is a devastating reality for those that live in poverty. I'm talking about the kind of poverty where you're not worried about passing clothes down, but you're worried about food. Collocations with poverty.
Click on a collocation to see more examples of it. From the Cambridge English Corpus. See all collocations with poverty. Translations of poverty in Chinese Traditional. Need a translator?
Log In. Be great full for everything you have and try to teach people how to live within their Poverty - Untitled (Vinyl) and how to save. In the early Poverty - Untitled (Vinyl) century, more than one-tenth of the general population—and about one-sixth of children under…. Their chief economic traits are unemployment and underemployment, unskilled occupations, and job instability. Absolutely agree! I do receive food benefits or my children would starve during my visitations. Expensive food only. Test Your Vocabulary. I have met many people with a great deal of Schooling but can not think independently.
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