Every language carries within it a prevailing world view, which informs not only our thinking and perception, but our imagination as well. Our language is steeped in the pre-quantum, classical world of objects and an objective world. In the quantum world, there are only verbs; there is only process. There is no distinction between the actor and the action. Most physicists still speak and think, with an utter conviction of truth, in terms that regard the universe as being constituted of aggregates of separately existing building blocks.
It is helpful to remember to exercise our awareness of the quantum nature of the world, so as to overcome the trance-inducing influence our language has over us. Language and thought are bound together, and both can exert an undertow towards the classical world via forces that are as strong as they are unconscious.
According to quantum theory, a trans-empirical domain of reality exists, which does not consist of material things but of trans-material ideal forms. This sounds similar to the idea of the primordial archetypal image which informs all of the various specific manifestations of the underlying archetype. Sounds like something that can happen only in a dream.
Not comprised of objects, however, the quantum world is thing-less, which is to say that it is an endlessly unfolding, ever-changing dynamic process that is in continuous movement. When the universe manifests in its wave-like aspect, there is no separate entity that is doing the waving. At the quantum level, the dancer and the dance are inseparably one.
The idea that objects exist apart from processes is at the root of our seemingly inescapable sense of separateness from the universe. This is a coherent explanation for the universe as we perceive it that has its own self-consistent internal logic, claiming that the entire universe is the seamless manifestation of a singular indivisible field. From this perspective, all quantum entities are expressions of this universal sameness. This implies that the appearance of innumerable separate electrons is an illusion caused by the structure of space—time.
This perspective would say that each new emergence of a quantum entity is actually a recurrence of the same quantum entity in a different guise. They are complementary perspectives that, when taken together, add depth and give us a fuller appreciation of the deeper undivided wholeness of the universe. This could be called the No Sameness—Only Sameness duality. Thought experiments are experiments we think about rather than perform, although sometimes they can be actually performed.
In a thought experiment we take an accepted idea and extrapolate it to the ultimate extreme so as to see what happens: does it break down, where and why does it break down, what is it revealing to us, etc? What will happen if I do this? Thought experiments are expressions of the profundity and power of our imagination to help us find our place in the universe and indicate that the nature of the universe is more thought-like than is generally acknowledged.
What is reflected in the magic mirror of physics can precipitate a Copernican shift in how we conceive of ourselves in relation to the universe. And yet, the rays of the sun are the unmediated expression of the sun, which is to say that the rays of the sun are indivisible and not separate from the sun by one iota.
Not only do we find ourselves within the sun, we further realize that we are not separate from the sun. This is to simultaneously realize that it makes just as much sense to think that the sun is inside of us, which is an expression of our identity expanding to ever-larger degrees.
In an instant we go from thinking we are far away from the sun to feeling our oneness with it. Notice what has happened: Once we have this shift in perspective, we can no longer think of the sun as an object outside of ourselves. The calcium in our bones and iron in our blood are literally forged in the stars.
Quantum physics reveals that it is a mistake in our thinking to imagine that two separate entities, such as, in our example, the sun and ourselves, are interacting; the emphasis in the quantum world is on undivided wholeness.
The two seemingly separate entities are in actuality inseparable parts of a more inclusive entity that includes and unites them both. This is similar to when we see a pattern in a carpet; it has no meaning to say that different parts of such a pattern e. The seemingly separate parts of the pattern are merely abstracted from the deeper wholeness of the underlying carpet that connects them.
In pre-quantum, classical physics, human beings were conceived of as isolated, impotent material beings in a mindless, clockwork universe. Instead of being cogs in a giant machine, we are mental hubs in a burgeoning network of ideas. Oftentimes a shift in a single idea can precipitate a transition into a new epoch. What quantum physics has unleashed in the realm of technology is the palest reflection of what it can potentially unleash within the human psyche.
The mind IS pure nature. Instead of thinking that the outer world was different from the inner world, they realized that if something was happening within themselves, it was simultaneously happening within the universe as well. Coinciding with the collapse of the boundary between the subject and object, just as within a dream, the demarcation between the inner and the outer was becoming harder to find as well.
We can tell from their writings that their discoveries truly changed the way they envisioned life itself. As if remembering something they knew long ago, they became inwardly transformed. This realization of the dreamlike nature of reality is itself the very expansion of consciousness which galvanized them to realize that consciousness plays the primary role in both physics and the creation of the universe. I regard matter as derivative from consciousness. The brain is just matter, but consciousness is something wholly other, an entirely different order of reality.
Consciousness is a fundamental, all-pervading feature of the universe. Everything that we talk about, everything that we regard as existing, postulates consciousness. Like a lamp that illumines itself, the self-luminous nature of consciousness, changeless in its essence, is completely altering and radically reconfiguring the field of physics in previously undreamed-of ways.
Will surely recognize with joy that true religion has been ennobled and made more profound by scientific knowledge. The discoveries of quantum physics are directly pointing to the hitherto-unsuspected powers of the mind to cast reality in its image rather than the other way round. In any case, though seemingly subtle in nature at the present moment, this shift in paradigms that quantum physics is initiating is an earth-shaking affair, with ramifications beyond our present imagination.
The revelations of quantum physics can be used to destroy life, or to enhance it beyond measure. Now is the fateful hour of high decision. For better or worse, We, the People of the Earth, must choose our Future. The choice we make about what we observe makes a difference in what we find.
Reflecting back their tacit unconscious assumptions, when physicists set up their measuring apparatus to observe the wave-like aspect of light, for example, light will manifest as wave-like; when they set up their experiment to view the particle-like aspect of light, light will manifest as particle-like. If in their theory the universe is composed of seemingly separate parts, they will act, ask questions, set up their experiments, perceive, and interpret their results in a way that produces the very fragmentation that they are seeing.
It is as if the power to create their experience has boomeranged against them in a way that is not only not serving them, but is limiting their creative brilliance. One way to better understand this is to remember the dreamlike nature that quantum physics is continually reflecting.
This is a self-generated feedback loop originating in our own mind that happens over, in, through, and outside of time. The truth of our situation, simply put, is that we are geniuses with amnesia.
We have literally forgotten ourselves, and in so doing we have disconnected from our vast creative powers for consciously shaping and co-creating reality. At any moment, to the extent we are aware of our true nature, we can help each other to remember… and to remember to remember. Maya refers to how the reality-creating power of our own mind can be unwittingly turned against ourselves so as to entrance us. We think of atomic physics, one of the discoveries based on quantum physics, as unleashing the incredible power latent in the atom, and yet we have hardly begun to realize that quantum physics has likewise tapped into the vast world-transforming power of the psyche.
We live under greater surveillance than any civilization in all of history; think of the NSA and the Snowden revelations. The Matrix is based upon keeping people trapped within a paradigm of false and superficial knowledge of themselves and the universe known as materialism. It is fundamentally about centralizing power and control, as it enslaves people under deceptive lies of limitation and lack of options, keeping them disconnected from their own immense creative power.
This is a reflection of a process of fragmentation going on within the human psyche that is being acted out in the outside world. The Matrix control system has seized the powerful liberating knowledge of quantum physics to use for its own power-based agenda. With the true power of the quantum spell-bound, its liberating powers temporarily anesthetized, the Matrix is free to use the denatured knowledge of quantum physics to serve its own agenda of centralizing worldly power and control over the material world.
We are still imprisoned in our cave, with our backs to the light, and can only watch the shadows on the wall. No one has ever directly seen the quantum world. And yet, the shadows have no intrinsic, independent existence on their own, as they are merely derivative from, projections of, and inseparable from the light.
As if mesmerized, enchanted and spellbound by the display of the shadows, we have no suspicion of the light that is their source. Once we step out of the cave, however, we realize that there is and always has been only light. Here is a facsimile of the first page. Bern, Thursday [18 or 25 May ] Dear Habicht, Such a solemn air of silence has descended between us that I almost feel as if I am committing a sacrilege when I break it now with some inconsequential babble.
But is this not always the fate of the exalted ones of this world? But why have you still not sent me your dissertation? I promise you four papers in return, the first of which I might send you soon, since I will soon get the complimentary reprints. The paper deals with radiation and the energy properties of light and is very revolutionary, as you will see if you send me your work first. The second paper is a determination of the true sizes of atoms from the diffusion and the viscosity of dilute solutions of neutral substances.
Solo gives private lessons the same as before, and cannot bring himself to sit for the exam; I feel very sorry for him, for he leads a sad existence. He also looks quite exhausted. But I don't think it's possible to steer him to more bearable living conditions-you know how he is! Greetings from your A. My wife and the dickey bird, who is now 1 year old, send you their best regards. Send me your paper soon! Translation from Einstein Papers, Vol.
If this corpuscular view of light is so successful, do we need the wave view at all? In , Einstein showed that certain phenomena could only be successfully explained if we used both wave and particle view; the full observed effect came from the sum of two terms, one a particle term, the other a wave term.
The need for both is sometimes called "wave-particle duality. Many of you will want to use the word " photon " interchangeably with Einstein's "light quantum. It was introduced by G. Lewis in , 21 eventful years later. When we use the word photon, the natural presumption is that we are referring to the entity that derives from the completed quantum theory of the s and s.
When Einstein proposed his light quanta, not even an Einstein could anticipate quite how radically the emerging quantum theory would diverge from classical ideas. Einstein's proposal of was quite restricted ; he posited that the energy of high frequency light was spatially localized into the little lumps he called light quanta. He could not then know how things would transpire for low frequency light.
And his proposal of did not say anything about the momentum of the light quanta. That light quanta also carry momentum was inferred later. The analysis of heat radiation and the power of light to generate photoelectrons provided the first clues that this wavelike form of matter was not merely wavelike, but also had particle-like aspects as well. What of the particles that make up matter?
What of the electrons that Thomson had found in ? The clue that they also had wavelike aspects eventually derived from observations in atomic spectra.
If gases are energized by heating or passing an electric discharge through them, they emit light. The orange sodium vapor lamps or bright white mercury vapor lamps used in parking lots employ this mechanism in its simplest form. The reverse process also occurs. Gases will absorb light--that is how they can block transmission of light.
One might expect that such emissions and absorptions contain all frequencies colors --a perfect rainbow--even if the intensity of light across the spectrum might vary. They do not. Gases are very selective in the frequencies they emit and absorb. They will emit and absorb only a few very particular frequencies. The frequencies emitted form what is called the atomic emission spectrum of the element; and those absorbed form the absorption spectrum.
The frequencies in them are distinctive: they can be used as a characteristic signature for identifying an otherwise unknown gas. In , Niels Bohr reported on his efforts to devise a model of the process of light emission from the atoms of elements that would explain the very particular frequencies emitted. The problem proved to be far harder than one would expect. Then, the best model of an atom was Rutherford's nuclear model. According to it, an atom is like a little solar system. It has a massive, but tiny, positively charged nucleus.
That nucleus exerts an attractive force on lighter negatively charged electrons that orbit it, rather like the way the planets orbit the very massive sun. Eventually, these quantities of light energy that the atom absorbs and emits came to be identified with Einstein's light quanta.
In , however, Bohr was cautious. He did not say that a light quantum is emitted. He simply spoke of "the emission of a homogeneous radiation, for which the relation between the frequency and the amount of energy emitted is the one given by Planck's theory. Bohr was a fierce opponent of Einstein's notion and only relented in his opposition when new developments in the s compelled the acceptance of Einstein's notion.
Having made those assumptions, Bohr could read off the oddest result from the observed atomic spectra. Since only very few frequencies of light were present, it followed that only very few jumps were possible, so that only very few orbits were permitted for the electron.
It was as though our sun allowed a planet to orbit where Venus is and where the Earth is; but it prohibited any planet in between. All that remained was to figure out just which of the many possible orbits are found in this favored set of stable orbits.
That was relatively easy to do. The observed spectra gave a complete catalog of the energy differences between these allowed, stable orbits. Each line in the observed spectra resulted from electrons jumping between two specific orbits. It is a numerical exercise to determine precisely which those few orbits are.
The calculation was not so different from this exercise in geography. If we are given the distances between every pair of cities in a country, we can use those data to figure out where on the map each city is found. Atomic spectra gave Bohr the energetic distances between his allowed orbits. From those data he could determine the energies and thus locations of those allowed orbits. Bohr's theory was puzzling, even maddening.
Just as with Einstein's hypothesis of the light quantum, it seemed to require that classical physical notions both hold and fail at the same time.
That was not a comfortable situation. Those discomforts were eclipsed by a brighter fact. Bohr's theory worked, and it worked very well. Observational spectroscopy was providing theorists with an expansive catalog of spectra of many substances under many different conditions. Starting from Bohr's theory, physicists were able to develop an increasingly rich and successful account of them. While it was clear that something was not right, in the face of these successes, it was tempting to postpone asking too pointedly how this goose could keep laying golden eggs.
Bohr's theory of and its later elaboration gave a wonderfully rich repertoire of methods for accounting for atomic spectra. They depended on a contradictory mix of classical and non-classical notions.
By the early s, the limits of this system began to show and theorists also turned to the task of making some coherent sense of this body of theory that soon came to known as "the old quantum theory. The major breakthroughs to the " new quantum theory" came in the middle of the s. A number of different theorists found ways of developing coherent theories of the quantum domain; and they all eventually proved to be different versions of the same new theory.
Heisenberg, Born and Jordan first developed matrix mechanics. Its basic quantities were infinite tables of numbers -- matrices -- drawn as directly as possible from observed quantities like atomic spectra. Another approach proved equivalent and is easier to picture. It was based on a supposition by de Broglie of and developed by Schroedinger in Einstein had shown that a wave phenomenon, light, also had particle like properties.
Might the reverse be true also? Might particle like electrons also have wave properties? The hypothesis answered yes. It associated a wave of a particular wavelength with a particle of some definite momentum. Here is de Broglie's formula that tells us which wavelength goes with which momentum:.
Notice how similar it is to Planck's formula which relates energy and frequency. Here is Planck's formula again:. The two together form the foundation of the matter wave approach.
They tell us how to assign a wave of some definite frequency and wavelength to a particle of some given energy and momentum. Here's a way to see the two equations in even more similar form. Now the equations relate momentum to a length the wavelength and energy to a time the period.
The beauty of the matter wave hypothesis is that it explained naturally why only very particular energy states are admissible for electrons bound in atoms. The reason that only few energy states are admissible for these electrons derives directly from the fundamental differences between particles and waves. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters.
Sort order. Feb 03, Michelle rated it it was amazing. Interesting Deep. Reading this book has connected a few dots for me and have left me with the desire to dig deeper into what I thought was "just me over thinking" things that won't add up, especially as a History teacher.
Aug 09, Valerie Wallace rated it it was amazing. Perceive and project This is mind blowing but it's starting to gain momentum scientifically an spiritually. This is all an illusion created by us.
Jan 02, Mushatori rated it really liked it. I respect what the author is attempting to convey. Norbertas rated it really liked it Jan 28, Mario M rated it it was ok Oct 08, Dieter Mueller rated it it was ok Mar 29, Tracy rated it it was ok Jan 03, The American physicist Richard Feynman said this about the notorious puzzles and paradoxes of quantum mechanics, the theory physicists use to describe the tiniest objects in the Universe.
But he might as well have been talking about the equally knotty problem of consciousness. Some scientists think we already understand what consciousness is, or that it is a mere illusion. But many others feel we have not grasped where consciousness comes from at all.
The perennial puzzle of consciousness has even led some researchers to invoke quantum physics to explain it. That notion has always been met with skepticism, which is not surprising: it does not sound wise to explain one mystery with another. But such ideas are not obviously absurd, and neither are they arbitrary. For one thing, the mind seemed, to the great discomfort of physicists, to force its way into early quantum theory.
What's more, quantum computers are predicted to be capable of accomplishing things ordinary computers cannot, which reminds us of how our brains can achieve things that are still beyond artificial intelligence. View image of What is going on in our brains? Quantum mechanics is the best theory we have for describing the world at the nuts-and-bolts level of atoms and subatomic particles. Perhaps the most renowned of its mysteries is the fact that the outcome of a quantum experiment can change depending on whether or not we choose to measure some property of the particles involved.
When this "observer effect" was first noticed by the early pioneers of quantum theory, they were deeply troubled. It seemed to undermine the basic assumption behind all science: that there is an objective world out there, irrespective of us. If the way the world behaves depends on how — or if — we look at it, what can "reality" really mean? The most famous intrusion of the mind into quantum mechanics comes in the "double-slit experiment".
Some of those researchers felt forced to conclude that objectivity was an illusion, and that consciousness has to be allowed an active role in quantum theory.
To others, that did not make sense. Surely, Albert Einstein once complained, the Moon does not exist only when we look at it! Today some physicists suspect that, whether or not consciousness influences quantum mechanics, it might in fact arise because of it.
They think that quantum theory might be needed to fully understand how the brain works. Might it be that, just as quantum objects can apparently be in two places at once, so a quantum brain can hold onto two mutually-exclusive ideas at the same time? These ideas are speculative, and it may turn out that quantum physics has no fundamental role either for or in the workings of the mind. But if nothing else, these possibilities show just how strangely quantum theory forces us to think.
Imagine shining a beam of light at a screen that contains two closely-spaced parallel slits. Some of the light passes through the slits, whereupon it strikes another screen. Light can be thought of as a kind of wave, and when waves emerge from two slits like this they can interfere with each other. If their peaks coincide, they reinforce each other, whereas if a peak and a trough coincide, they cancel out. This wave interference is called diffraction, and it produces a series of alternating bright and dark stripes on the back screen, where the light waves are either reinforced or cancelled out.
This experiment was understood to be a characteristic of wave behaviour over years ago, well before quantum theory existed. The double slit experiment can also be performed with quantum particles like electrons; tiny charged particles that are components of atoms. In a counter-intuitive twist, these particles can behave like waves.
That means they can undergo diffraction when a stream of them passes through the two slits, producing an interference pattern. Now suppose that the quantum particles are sent through the slits one by one, and their arrival at the screen is likewise seen one by one. Now there is apparently nothing for each particle to interfere with along its route — yet nevertheless the pattern of particle impacts that builds up over time reveals interference bands.
The implication seems to be that each particle passes simultaneously through both slits and interferes with itself. This combination of "both paths at once" is known as a superposition state. If we place a detector inside or just behind one slit, we can find out whether any given particle goes through it or not. In that case, however, the interference vanishes. Simply by observing a particle's path — even if that observation should not disturb the particle's motion — we change the outcome.
The physicist Pascual Jordan, who worked with quantum guru Niels Bohr in Copenhagen in the s, put it like this: "observations not only disturb what has to be measured, they produce it… We compel [a quantum particle] to assume a definite position.
Journal of Consciousness Studies. Kidder, a senior columnist for the Christian Science Monitor untilwhen he founded Album) Institute for Global. If so, says Dr. When the universe manifests in its wave-like aspect, there is no separate entity that is doing the waving. The most common interpretations are summarized in the table below. We are the product of quantum fluctuations in the very early universe. Such probabilities challenge a commonplace of classical physics: the idea that the laws governing matter as we know it are the only conceivable laws. He merely says that the kinematic part of the paper "will surely interest you.
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